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This makes it possible for content owners to remain anonymous and hide the origin IP address of their web server to protect the originating server from attacks. The way to locate the true hosting provider of a website behind a reverse proxy like Cloudflare is to look for clues from the past or current misconfigurations. It is important to be aware of the trails a site owner can leave in order to track them down, or, if you are the site owner yourself, to ensure you stay as anonymous as possible.
Step 1: Find the IP Address
By using our historical DNS database, we can find out not only the IP where the site was hosted before switching to Cloudflare, we can also uncover all the previous hosting providers. There you can see Cloudflare as the current network provider; however, below that, you can also find the previous web hosting providers where the site was hosted, as well as the IP addresses. There is a chance they are still hosted on that network right now.
As you can see below, they have been hosted on Datacenter Luxembourg since , although they started using Cloudflare IP protection about 2 years ago:. If the websites are not using any external email provider like Google Apps, Zoho mail, etc.
How to find your IP address
While there are other complex ways to find out where Cloudflare and other reverse proxied websites are hosted like scanning IPv4 for SSL certificates, text fingerprints in the HTML and headers, Favicons and other identifiers , our historical DNS database is one of the simplest strategies to uncover your Cloudflare secured website's current web hosting provider. Are you doing security research? Need to find out more information about any website powered by Cloudflare?
Need to ensure your website is totally locked down? We can help. However, this information is not complete — it shows one IP address for the host, but there may be others. Also, ping doesn't always succeed.
Many websites and computers will completely ignore a ping request. To perform a direct DNS query, and receive more complete information, use one of the other three methods.
For example, from the Windows command prompt, run:. Nslookup performs the DNS lookup, but unlike ping, it does not send any data to the host. There are two IPv4 addresses , Both are valid IP addresses for that hostname, used in round-robin distribution.
3 Quick Ways to Find IP Address of a Website Server
The response is non-authoritative , which means that you're getting the information from a domain name server not owned by the host. The nslookup command works on most operating systems, including Microsoft Windows. However, it is an older program, and is no longer actively developed. It is deprecated by the organization that developed it, the Internet Systems Consortium. Instead, they recommend using the newer tools dig and host , discussed below.
Dig , the "domain information groper," will perform a DNS lookup if you give it a hostname:.
How To Convert a URL to IP Address - KeyCDN Support
Dig comes pre-installed on macOS X and Linux operating systems. Don't forget the bin at the end of the path name. It's similar to dig, but it displays simpler information. Host comes pre-installed on macOS X and Linux. Note This page discusses the best ways to find the IP address of an external computer or website.