In the sexual assault and brutal murder of seven year old Megan Kanka by her neighbor, a recently released sex offender, ignited a national campaign to enact laws requiring communities to be informed about convicted sex offenders living in their neighborhoods. This effort resulted in the federal community notification statute labeled "Megan's Law".
While records indicate that Arizona had laws regarding sex offender registration as early as , never before has so much emphasis been focused on the sex offender population. When this occurs, the respective county adult probation agency or Arizona Department of Corrections DOC is required to enter information about the offender into a statewide accessible database.
One portion of this information involves the sex offender risk assessment.
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The risk assessment is a screening tool designed to provide criminal justice practitioners with the ability to predict a sex offender's risk of recidivism. The Arizona risk assessment evaluates nineteen different criteria that have been identified by treatment experts as good predictors of future behavior. Each criterion is evaluated and assigned a point value, which ultimately is totaled for recommending an appropriate community notification level of 1, 2, or 3. Although probation agencies and DOC provide law enforcement agencies with a recommended community notification level, the local law enforcement agency may choose to complete its own risk assessment to ensure accuracy.
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This includes notification to the "surrounding neighborhood, area schools, appropriate community groups and prospective employers. The notification shall include a flyer with a photograph and exact address of the offender as well as a summary of the offender's status and criminal background. A press release and a level two or three flyer shall be given to the local electronic and print media to enable information to be placed in a local publication.
Successful community notification is dependent upon three factors: communication, education, and a zero tolerance approach to harassment or vigilantism. Often the public does not understand how or why a sex offender is moving into their neighborhood.
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As such, it is the responsibility of all appropriate criminal justice agencies to engage in a collaborative effort to provide accurate and meaningful information to the public. To facilitate this exchange of information, many law enforcement agencies conduct public meetings and attend "Block Watch" meetings to answer questions and relieve fears.
Finally, a zero tolerance approach regarding harassment and vigilantism reinforces the true meaning of community notification: to empower the public with knowledge that can be used to protect themselves and their families from becoming victims. This is the date that Arizona implemented the community notification laws. Any person released from jail, prison, or sentenced to probation on or after this date is subject to community notification.
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Additionally, any person convicted prior to June 1, , may be subject to community notification after completion of a risk assessment by a law enforcement agency. Prior to an offender's release or sentence to probation, the agency that had custody of the individual completes a risk assessment screening profile.
This instrument evaluates nineteen criteria that are considered to be significant factors contributing to sex offender recidivism. Each criterion is given a score, which is then totaled to arrive at the recommended risk level.
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All criminal justice agencies must use the standardized Arizona Risk Assessment, however, occasionally law enforcement discovers information which can affect an offender's risk level. As such, law enforcement is given the discretion to either accept the recommended risk level or complete another risk assessment. No, each state has slightly different community notification laws, implementation dates, and risk assessment instruments.
In Arizona, all sex offenders classified as "predator" are housed at the State Hospital.
Once an offender completes his sentence and is scheduled for release, the offender may be reviewed for violent sexual predator criteria. If it is determined that the offender is a violent sexual predator, Arizona law provides for a civil commitment to the Arizona State Hospital. The sex offender may request an annual review to determine if he is eligible for release into society, at which time the label "predator" is removed. SVP's are the only category of sex offenders subject to Community Notification. These sex offenders have two or more adult felony convictions for unlawful sexual behavior and one or more adult felony crimes of violence.
A person who has been convicted of a felony sex offense as an adult which requires registration and is currently registered.
The CBI does not post information concerning the following offenders: 1 Sex offenders only convicted of misdemeanor sex offenses, or 2 Juveniles adjudicated for sex crimes. These sex offenders have failed to register or have a history of failing to register, as required, with their local law enforcement agency.
The general assembly recognized the need to balance the expectations of persons convicted of offenses involving unlawful sexual behavior and the public's need to adequately protect themselves and their children from these persons. Victim information is not included on this website. The Colorado Bureau of Investigation CBI maintains this site and evaluates the accuracy and integrity of all sexual offender registration records to determine if the data fulfills the minimum requirements for all Internet postings.
These records are updated hourly and will be posted to the website as soon as they are available. If you believe any information found in these records is incorrect or if you have any questions, please contact CBI's Program Support Unit at You may also e-mail us at CDPS. Individuals included within the registry are included solely by virtue of their conviction record and state law.
Persons who have been arrested or charged with a registrable sex offense or a child- victim oriented offense are not required to register unless the arrest or charge results in a conviction. This information is being made available on the Internet to facilitate public access to information about persons who have committed sex offenses to enable you to take appropriate precautions to protect yourself and those in your care from possible harm.
MDPS has not assessed any specific risk of re-offense with regard to any individual prior to his or her inclusion within this registry, and has made no determination that any individual included in the registry is currently dangerous. The reason for providing this information is to make it more easily available and accessible, not to warn about any specific individual.
MDPS updates this information regularly, to try to assure that it is complete and accurate. However, this information can change quickly. You are cautioned that information provided on this site may not reflect the current residence, employment, school attendance, status, or other information regarding an offender.