We mourn for a culture that continues to turn its back on timeless principles. The state has an interest in defining, protecting and promoting natural marriage and as long as we have breath, even if it takes 20, 30 or 50 years, we will never give up on this issue.
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We may grieve today, but we will not despair. We will not throw in the towel. We will not give up. Just as we have worked for decades and are rebuilding a culture of life, in spite of Roe v Wade, we will also work to rebuild a culture of marriage as the union of one man and one woman. A little boy who longs to have a father in the inner city — that will never be on the wrong side of history.
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Amen Amen I will always and forever stand my ground and back any and all political values when it comes to the fact of a natural marriage the one union between a man and a woman. It is so wrong that the UNited States of America or any person backing or any state passing a law for gay marriages…. I know what my Bible says about same sexes being together, I know exactly what the Bible says. People need to start reading the Bible. The movement to open civil marriage to same-sex couples achieved its first temporary success in with the decision of the Hawaii Supreme Court that the restriction of marriage to opposite-sex couples would be presumed unconstitutional unless the state could demonstrate that it furthered a compelling state interest.
In response to this decision the state constitution was amended to allow the legislature to preserve that restriction.
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A similar court decision in Alaska in led to an even stronger constitutional amendment, itself defining marriage as between one man and one woman. In further reaction to the Hawaii case, the federal Defense of Marriage Act provided that no state would be required to recognize a same-sex marriage from another state, and also defined marriage for federal-law purposes as opposite-sex.
The majority of the states also passed their own "marriage protection acts. In Vermont, after that state's Supreme Court held in that the state must extend to same- sex couples the same benefits that married couples receive, the legislature in created the status of "civil union" to fulfill that mandate. Connecticut adopted a similar civil union law in In , the Netherlands became the first country to open civil marriage to same-sex couples.
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Belgium became the second in In through , courts in six Canadian provinces held that the opposite-sex definition of marriage was contrary to Canada's Charter of Rights, and in federal legislation extended same-sex marriage to all of Canada. In November , the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court held that excluding same-sex couples from the benefits of civil marriage violated the state constitution, and in February that court further held that a "civil union" law would not be sufficient, and on May 17, Massachusetts became the first state in the United States where same-sex marriage per se is legal.
In July , opposite-sex definitions of marriage were upheld by the highest courts of both New York and Washington; likewise in Maryland in In October , the New Jersey Supreme Court held that same-sex couples were entitled to the same rights and benefits enjoyed by opposite-sex couples under the civil marriage statutes.
The Legislature complied with that decision by enacting a civil union act in December In May , California became the second state to legalize same-sex marriage when the California Supreme Court held that laws restricting marriage to opposite-sex couples were unconstitutional. Connecticut followed suit in October In California, the Supreme Court decision was overturned by voter initiative in the November election, but that initiative was held unconstitutional by the U.
Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in February In , same-sex marriage was legalized in Iowa by decision of its Supreme Court, in Vermont, New Hampshire, and the District of Columbia by legislation, and in Connecticut by both. The states of Maryland and Washington legalized same-sex marriage by statute in ; Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Minnesota, and Rhode Island did likewise in In June , the Supreme Court of the United States invalidated the federal Defense of Marriage Act as an unconstitutional infringement on personal liberty.
Later that year, allowance of same-sex marriage was required by state court decision in New Jersey and by federal district court decision in Utah but the Utah decision was stayed pending appeal in January Arrangement is alphabetic, by author's last name, except that symposium issues are listed by symposium title only, without listing the individual articles.
Articles by student authors are excluded. Books and articles about particular jurisdictions are listed under those jurisdictions rather than in the general books and articles sections. The arrangement of entries under each jurisdiction is chronological, with undated items given first alphabetically. Executive materials. Legislative materials. Federal Court Decisions. Books and Articles. Home State by State Country by Country. ALR Annotations.
Web-based Resources. Articles Supporting Same-Sex Marriage. Articles Opposing Same-Sex Marriage. Symposia with Mixed Views. Parenting and Children. Other Articles. Federal Marriage Amendment. Other Bibliographies. This annotation, updated by an annual pocket supplement,provides citations and lengthy summaries of caselaw from the United States concerning the validity of same-sex marriages.
KF B33 ] Badgett, M.
HQ What We've Learned from the Evidence. Oxford Univ. Press, , and second editon [ call no. G47 ] Gill, Emily R. U5 G65 ] Gozemba, Patricia A. U5G69 ] Hume, Robert J. Oxford University Press, [ call no. Wardle et al. M37 ] Includes extensive bibliography, and English translations of Scandinavian registered partnerships laws and of Netherlands law opening civil marriage to same sex couples.
Babst, Emily R. Ruling that domestic partnerships that provide many of the rights and benefits of matrimony are not enough, the California Supreme Court overturned on May 15 the state's ban on same-sex marriage.
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Writing for the majority, Chief Justice Ronald George said, "In contrast to earlier times, our state now recognizes that an individual's capacity to establish a loving and long-term committed relationship with another person and responsibly to care for and raise children does not depend upon the individual's sexual orientation.
The Northen California Nevada Conference affirmed the court decision at their Annual Meeting the weekend following the decision Click here to read the statement. In June the Southern California Nevada Conference adopted a resolution supporting marriage equality. That resolution was endorsed by the Northern California Nevada Conference and subsequently became a substantial part of the resolution adopted in by General Synod 25 in Atlanta www.
In addition, California Faith for Equality www. Republican Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger, who has twice vetoed legislation that would have granted marriage to same-sex couples, said in a statement he respected the court's decision and "will not support an amendment to the constitution that would overturn this state Supreme Court ruling.
Equality for All, a coalition of gay rights groups, launched an aggressive counter-campaign to persuade people not to sign the petitions. Its "Decline to Sign" volunteers approached patrons outside the shopping centers where the signature gatherers were working and asked them instead to sign pledges supporting same-sex marriage. The UCC Florida Conference passed a resolution at its annual meeting May 3 in opposition to a proposed constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage. A successful signature-petition drive three years ago by social conservatives landed the proposed amendment on the November ballot.
Kent Siladi, Florida Conference Minister.